Checks potential confounders in the metadata and produces some visualizations

check.confounders(siamcat, fn.plot, = NULL,
feature.type='filtered', verbose = 1)



an object of class siamcat-class


string, filename for the pdf-plot

vector, specific metadata variable names to analyze, defaults to NULL (all metadata variables will be analyzed)


string, on which type of features should the function work? Can be either c()"original", "filtered", or "normalized"). Please only change this paramter if you know what you are doing!


integer, control output: 0 for no output at all, 1 for only information about progress and success, 2 for normal level of information and 3 for full debug information, defaults to 1


Does not return anything, but outputs plots to specified pdf file


This function checks for associations between class labels and potential confounders (e.g. Age, Sex, or BMI) that are present in the metadata. Statistical testing is performed with Fisher's exact test or Wilcoxon test, while associations are visualized either as barplot or Q-Q plot, depending on the type of metadata.

Additionally, it evaluates associations among metadata variables using conditional entropy and associations with the label using generalized linear models, producing a correlation heatmap and appropriate quantitative barplots, respectively.


# Example data data(siamcat_example) # Simple working example check.confounders(siamcat_example, './conf_plot.pdf')
#> ++ metadata variables: #> AJCC_stage #> ++ are nested inside the label and have been removed from this analysis
#> Finished checking metadata for confounders, results plotted to: ./conf_plot.pdf